So You Want to Be a Consultant? A Quick-Start Guide to Getting Started.
Starting your own consulting business can be easier than you’d think. Most of it is just making sure that you’re providing your unique skills and knowledge to people that don’t have it. Best of all, most consultants can start out part-time, so they don’t have to quit their day job to get their business going.
It’s actually advisable to give it a trial run before making it your full-time occupation. Running your own business takes a lot of particular personality traits and endurance, and it’s not the right choice for people who crave predictability or who have low risk tolerance. Sometimes you won’t know that about yourself until you’re in that situation – and you definitely don’t want to eliminate any options until you’re sure that being independent is truly good for you!
Once you decide to take the plunge, here are some things that are easy to implement and will go a long way towards increasing your chances of success.
1. Create Your Brand
Before you can sell anything, you need to know what you’re selling and who you’re selling to. This will help you create your own mission statement and give you and your potential clients clarity about what you represent.
Think about these questions:
- What services do you offer?
- What makes your services unique?
- What will your clients gain from working with you?
- What does your ideal client look like?
Once you can give a good answer to these questions, you’re ready to create an elevator speech: a clear and understandable synopsis of what you do that you can communicate to people in 30 seconds or less. For example, mine is “I help businesses become more efficient, with a specific focus on finding and using the right technology.” It took me years to get it that short, but the key idea was to find the right words that anyone off the street would understand while articulating my goal. This is your brand, the image you want to represent, and the recurrent theme you’ll use when presenting yourself.
2. Look professional
Appearances are everything. If you look professional, then you are professional. Make sure your image is consistent with your brand. At this point, I wouldn’t worry about being 100% on target with your brand – businesses constantly change, and that will probably change too. Just make sure that the image you present closely represents your goals.
To create your image:
- Envision yourself as you want others to see you. If you have a goal for the image you want to present, you can get there. It’s crucial to know where you want to be.
- Choose a business name. The business name should tie into your brand image. Other than that, it doesn’t need to be creative. The most important aspect is that it’s consistent with how you want to present yourself.
- Create a logo. Thanks to crowdsourcing, there are lots of websites that will help you create a logo to fit all budgets. Again, just make sure it ties into your theme.
- Buy a domain name and make yourself a website. You can use some of the popular low-priced website builders to give you easy-to-build, templated websites that you can change to reflect the image you want to present. Some of the most popular website building platforms include Wix, Weebly, or SquareSpace. If you use one of these builders, they’ll usually work with the G-Suite, which is Google’s best set of tools for businesses. Your email will then be part of your website so you’ll look really put together. (For example, my email@example.com account is part of the G-Suite, so I get the professional look with the best of Gmail).
- Get business cards with your name, number, email address, website and logo on it.
3. Find a Mentor
So many people have been up the same road you’re about to travel on. Why not gain from their experiences so you don’t have to make the same mistakes and learn the same lessons? There are so many resources to help small business owners – it’s self-defeating to attempt to do everything on your own!
I know, a lot of the people that are cut out to be independent consultants aren’t the ones who like to ask for advice. But if you want a higher chance of success, you’ll need to educate yourself, and the best source of education is from people who have done it before.
Good mentors can be friends or relatives with the right experience. Or they can be part of organizations or think tanks or peer advisory groups. You may need to ask around to find the right mentors, but there are a surprising amount of people that like to “give back” to the community and help other businesses.
Aside from mentoring, I often recommend these books as a starting point for anyone thinking about starting a business. A lot of these books are available on audio, so you can listen to them and you don’t have to actually read them:
- Full list of great business books: https://personalmba.com/best-business-books/
- Getting Started in Consulting – Alan Weiss
- Secrets of Consulting – Gerald M. Weinberg
- Value-Based Fees – Alan Weiss
4. Protect Yourself
Having the right legal and financial counsel will help you make the right decisions and protect yourself from potential harm.
- Legal: Your lawyer will help you learn how to incorporate, create contracts for you to use in your work engagements, and guide you through any regulations of your line of work. It is crucial that you use legally sound contracts with all your clients. You never know which clients will decide not to pay you or take you to court. With a good contract, you’re protected.
- Insurance: It’s important to have general liability insurance to protect yourself from anything a client can throw back at you. What if you give someone advice and it doesn’t work out? Are you responsible? With a good contract and an insurance company to support you, these claims against you won’t harm you.
- Financial: Find an accountant that can help you plan, tell you what to do for bookkeeping (or do your bookkeeping for you), and provide you with guidance through any financial regulations that are relevant to you. The last thing you want is a tax audit on inaccurately reported income – those are very expensive and time consuming.
5. Make a Profit
It sounds a little silly – after all, isn’t that what we all want? But too often, it’s not clear where your money should actually go.
- Bootstrap. Until you’re earning a lot of money, allocate the minimum amount possible to setting yourself up. A website can be virtually free with an online template builder. A logo can be cheap. Business cards aren’t expensive. You don’t need to spend a lot on software if you stick to just the basics.
- Don’t be cheap. If you need something, buy it. It will make you more productive, which means you can earn more. But be smart about it – figure out how much you would realistically earn in the time you’re saving by making this purchase. If you would earn more than the cost of the purchase, it’s a worthwhile investment.
- Hire help if you need it. The worst thing a consultant can do is to do everything. You need people with different strengths to complement yours. If you don’t like doing something and have more profitable things to do with your time, find someone else to do it for you. Be comfortable with sharing responsibilities.
Now that you have the quick-start education in your back pocket, I wish you the best of luck in your new ventures!